Manifest Destiny and Settling the West

Manifest Destiny was the belief that is was the American's "obvious fate" to expand and take over territories West of the Mississippi River.

They wanted to go west because, people wanted more room, especially for farming. They wanted more opportunities to work and to build homes. Businesses wanted resources, like wood and minerals, as well as new places to sell goods.

Each new piece of land that the United States added to its control is called a territory.  The land was "annexed" or taken.
Lewis and Clark:

They traveled through 10 states:  Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Iowa, South Dakota, North Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Washington State, Oregon

Sacagawea helped the group by being an intepreter and guide.  She helped translate, forage food, and show other American Indians the party came in peace.
Land Acquisition
Map
When
How
Who it affected

Acquisition of Oregon Country



1846
The United States and Britain agreed upon a boundary that divided this territory and gave the southern part of it to the United States.  Britain agreed to a boundary drawn at latitude 49 north from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean.
Native Americans were pushed from their land onto reservations.
Mexican Cession



1853
The United States invaded and defeated Mexico, and gained this territory in the peace treaty, Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo,  that ended the war between the two countries. Some Mexican's lost their land, so they moved to Mexico while others stayed and shared their culture.
Gadsden Purchase

1853
The United States and Mexico agreed upon the sale of this small piece of territory. Some Mexican's lost their land, so they moved to Mexico while others stayed and shared their culture.
Texas Annexation


1845
For nine years, Texas ruled itself. In 1845, the United States admitted Texas as the 28th state. Mexicanos stayed, marrying and doing business with American Texans.
Louisiana Purchase


1803
The United States paid 15 million dollars to France to acquire this territory Many Native Americans were pushed off their homelands and forced onto reservations.
Florida Acquisition



1819
The U.S. Army invaded this territory, and later the U.S. government paid off 5 million dollars of Spanish debt to acquire it from Spain. Many Native Americans were pushed off their homelands and forced onto reservations.